Situated in the heart of the Kalahari Desert, Botswana is a landlocked country in the central part of southern Africa. More than 80% of the country is defined by the Kalahari Sand deposit, but despite this Botswana boasts the pristine wetlands of the Okavango Delta, the Linyanti swamp and the Chobe River.
© Lion encounter near Mombo Camp
Botswana Co-ordinates and altitude
Botswana lies at latitudes 17° and 27°S; and longitude 20° and 30°E. Straddling the Tropic of Capricorn ensures Botswana has a moderate climate of hot wet summers and warm winter days with cold nights. The country is very flat and ranges in altitude between 750 and 1100 meters above sea level.
Neighbours on All Sides
Botswana is bordered in the South by South Africa, with many immigration checkpoints linking the two countries. In the West the country is bordered by Namibia, in the East by Zimbabwe and in the North by the Caprivi Strip of Namibia.
The only geological feature of note that forms a part of a border with a neighbouring country is the Linyanti/Chobe River system in the North on the border with Namibia.