In Botswana only the Burchell's zebra occurs. The zebra is the national animal of Botswana. Zebra are generally migratory animals and in Botswana there are two annual migrations of zebra that occur. The first is the migration of thousands of zebra between the northern waterways of Chobe and Linyanti, where they spend the dry season, to the lush grasses of the Savute Marsh and Mababe Depression after the first rains.
The second migration of note is to and from the Makgadikgadi Pans after the rains. This migration has been the source of much debate recently between the conservation authorities and the local farmers.
The Boteti River provided a natural barrier between the two in the past but with the drying up of the Boteti wildlife and cattle were competing for the same limited water sources. Solutions have been put in place.
The zebra, with its black and white striped coat, is one of the most characteristic animals of the African savannahs. What is not well known is that the zebra of the southern wilderness areas have a shadow brown stripe in the white stripe. This distinguishes them from the zebra of east Africa that do not have the shadow stripe.
Each individual zebra has unique patterning i.e. no two animals are the same. The patterning works along the lines of fingerprinting in humans. When a zebra is born the mother keeps it hidden from other zebras until her patterns have imprinted on the foals memory.