Hartebeest are sub-classified into numerous sub-species of African antelopes with particular ranges across Africa. The social structure involves herds of females moving freely around the grazing areas.
During mating a dominant territorial bull will keep them together to mate but there is a lot of changing during the season. Young males will form bachelor herds and they will occupy the areas around the prime grazing areas.
Male fights can result in severe injuries. They will use body movements to establish dominance over rivals but if this is unsuccessful then a clash of horns may result. Incidents of the horns locking and both males succumbing to twisted necks have been observed.