Botswana Wildlife Conservation | Wildlife Protection
The northern boundary of the country with Namibia is also where some of the country's richest wildlife areas are located, and where there was an issue with cross-border poaching in the 1990's. The army was in the area patrolling the border and it made sense to use them to protect the wildlife. The then head of the Botswana Defence Force was Ian Khama, a wildlife enthusiast and now president of Botswana, and he formed an anti-poaching unit to assist in the battle against poaching.
So successful was this unit that it became a permanent arm of the Botswana Defence Force and was the subject of a successful National Geographic Document titled Wildlife Warriors.
Botswana has one of the highest conservation land ratios in Africa with more than 25 percent of the land area set aside for parks and reserves to conserve the national heritage of the country. The government's policy of low volume high cost tourism has been successful, albeit controversial. The policy limits the number of visitors but in turn charges high prices for the privilege of intimacy.
Once were HuntersAnother controversial aspect of the Botswana Tourism industry has always been trophy hunting. Although kick-starting the tourism industry in Botswana in the 1960's and 1970's hunting has slowly been pushed aside in the last few years and this year the Botswana Government announced that hunting is to be stopped from 2014.
What the ban on hunting will ensure is that the vast areas that were set aside for hunting will now be retendered for and utilised for photographic tourism. This will add more land to an already amazing selection of wilderness areas.